The violin belongs to the family of string instruments; it is the member that is the smallest, the highest tuned and having the widest range of voice. Its ancestors are considered to be the rebec and the vielle. The first violins appeared in North Italy in the middle of the sixteenth century - Andrea Amati is held to be the father of the recently used four-stringed violin, who built his instrument for the order of the Medici family.
The parts of the violin:
12. tuning pegs
The tuning of the violin:
The sources of the pictures are the Wikipédia and the site http://www.tabulatura.hu/.