The viola – considering its size and tuning – is the closest relative of the violin in the family of the string instruments. Its sound is a fifth deeper, its body 4–10 cm bigger, but contrary to the cello and the bass, it is played in the same way as the violin.
In previous centuries the role of the viola was mostly limited to perfecting the harmony of the compositions; and was rarely used as a solo instrument. From the beginning of the twentieth century more and more composer becane interested in viola as a solo instrument, and this led to an increase in compositions and concertos using the viola to enrich the composition of the instrument.
The tuning of the viola
violin and viola